Role in Religious Texts:
The Zohar, the holy book of the mystical branch ofJudaism called Kabbalah, says that Raziel is the angel in charge of Chokmah (wisdom). Raziel is credited with writing the Sefer Raziel HaMalach (the Book of Raziel the Angel), a book that claims to explain divine secrets about both celestial and earthly knowledge. Jewish tradition says that Raziel stood so close to God’s throne that he could hear everything God said; then Raziel wrote God’s secret insights about the universe down in the Sefer Raziel HaMalach. Raziel began the book by stating: “Blessed are the wise by the mysteries coming from the wisdom.” Some of the insights that Raziel included in the book are that creative energy begins with thoughts in the spiritual realm and then leads to words and actions in the physical realm.
According to legend, Raziel gave Adam and Eve the Sefer Raziel HaMalach after they were expelled from the Garden of Eden from eating of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. But other angels were upset that Raziel had given them the book, so they cast it into the ocean. Eventually, the book washed ashore, and the prophet Enoch found it and added some of his own knowledge before he transformed into the archangel Metatron. The Sefer Raziel HaMalach then passed on to the archangel Raphael, Noah, and King Solomon, legend says.
The Targum Ecclesiastes, which is part of the rabbinical commentaries known as the Midrash, says in chapter 10, verse 20 that Raziel announced divine secrets orally in ancient times, as well: “Each day the angel Raziel makes proclamations on Mount Horeb, from heaven, of the secrets of men to all that dwell upon the earth, and his voice resounds throughout the world.”